For all gemstone jewelry, you should store them individually inside of a box or bag to avoid the stones on separate jewelry pieces from damaging each other.
Caring for Jewelry Containing Organic Material and Soft Stones
Jewelry containing brittle and soft stones especially organic material like pearls should be stored separately away from heat sources and other chemicals.
Metal polishes can also affect the color of your stone especially if it's an organic or gem material such as pearls, opal and turquoise. The polish could get absorbed by the stone which can ruin its luster and color. Direct sunlight can also cause the color of certain gemstones such as amethyst to fade. Hot sunlight can even dehydrate opal causing it to crack and lose its color.
Caring for Pearls
Pearls should be wrapped in acid-free tissue paper or placed inside of a cloth pouch instead of plastic bags because these will expose the pearls to condensation. Acid-free tissue paper will allow air to flow around the pearls.
Pearls are also affected by heat, alcohol found in perfumes, detergents, and creams which can cause the pearls to lose their beauty and diminish their lifespan. If pearls are exposed to perspiration, the acidity of the perspiration will damage the pearls' nacre and luster.
Acid-free tissue paper should also be used to store turquoise jewelry which should be kept in a cool, dark box away from other jewelry to prevent it from getting damaged.
Caring for Jewelry Containing Fragile Stones
Jewelry containing fragile gemstones shouldn't be worn when cleaning or taking a shower. These fragile gemstones are easily affected by perfumes, lotions, household cleaning products, and detergents.
Cleaning Your Gemstone Jewelry
Gemstones that are set in rings can accumulate grime and dirt over time especially under the setting. To clean your jewelry, you should soak your piece in hot water with a little bit of detergent and clean it gently with a toothbrush. Avoid using detergents to clean jewelry pieces that contain organic and porous stones.
Before buying your jewelry, clean it with a cloth to remove any grime and dirt which can affect the brilliance and color of the stone.
Gemstone jewelry shouldn't be placed on a glass or metal surface because these surfaces might scratch your gemstone.
Keep a white cloth handy to cover and protect your gemstone jewelry.